Architecture

Boyle B.M. 1981, Studies in Ostian Architecture.
Comment: Diss. Yale University 1968.
Buttafava C. 1963, Elementi architettonici Ostiensi, Milano.
Calza G. 1921, "The Aesthetics of the Antique City", Art and Archaeology 12, 211-217.
Calza G. 1922, "Teorie estetiche degli antichi sulla costruzione della citta", BullCom 50, 127-150.
Clarke J.R. 1975, "Kinesthetic Address and the Influence of Architecture on Mosaic Composition in three Hadrianic Bath Complexes at Ostia", Architectura 5, 1-7.
Clarke J.R. 1991, The Houses of Roman Italy, 100 B.C. - A.D. 250. Ritual, Space, and Decoration, Berkeley - Los Angeles - Oxford.
Comment: E.M. Moormann, JRA 8 (1995), 398-402.
Cosimi E. 1998, "Scale e piani inclinati nell'edilizia abitativa della prima regione ostiense", Bolletino di Archeologia 49-50, 57-77.
Giannini S. 1970, "Ostia", Quaderno dell'Istituto di elementi dell'architettura e rilievo dei monumenti 4, Genoa.
Heinzelmann M. 2002, "Bauboom und urbanistische Defizite - zur staedtebaulichen Entwicklung Ostias im 2. Jh.", Ostia e Portus nelle loro relazioni con Roma (C. Bruun - A.G. Zevi edd.). ActaInstRomFin 27, 103-122, Roma.
Comment: By David Noy: Heinzelmann begins with a general survey of the building development of the 'Kleinstadt' up to the early imperial period. There was an unparalleled building-boom from the time of Domitian and especially in the first half of the second century. The expansion led to the creation of an Ostian 'Trastevere', with a range of buildings, and the city's old population quickly became a minority among new arrivals. The redevelopment relied on private capital and land, giving it a largely unsystematic nature and restricting the course and breadth of the streets and the homogeneity of the buildings along them. Many new storage buildings were erected in the second century, most apparently by private enterprise and many with adjacent shops, showing that Ostia's commercial importance was not diminished by the creation of Trajan's harbour at Portus. Ostia was not only the port for supplying Rome but also a focus of central Mediterranean commerce in its own right. The second-century building boom in the centre of Ostia was the result of private speculation based on heavy commercialization and seems to have pushed out the owners of earlier small and medium-sized properties. While all this was going on, there was a significant lack of new public building. The infrastructure did not keep up with the rapid impact of the building of Trajan's harbour, perhaps because the wealth was in the hands of newcomers who did not yet identify with the city.
Kockel V. 2001, "Il 'palazzo per tutti'. La decouverte des immeubles de location antiques et son influence sur l'architecture de la Rome fasciste", Descoeudres J.-P. 2001, 66-73.
Laurence R.M. 1992, The social structure of the Roman City in Italy (100 B.C. to A.D. 300): the logic of space, Newcastle upon Tyne.
Comment: Ph.D. thesis.
Mar R. 1991, "La formazione dello spazio urbano nella citta di Ostia", RM 98, 81-109.
Mar R. 1996, "Santuarios e inversion inmobiliaria en la urbanistica ostiense del siglo II", Gallina Zevi 1996, 115-164.
Mar R. 2002, "Una ciudad modelada por el comercio: la construccion del centro de Ostia", MEFRA 114, 111-180.
Packer J.E. 1968, "Structure and Design in Ancient Ostia", Technology and Culture 9, 357 ff.
Pensabene P. 1996, "Committenza pubblica e committenza privata a Ostia", Gallina Zevi 1996, 185-222.
Pensabene P. 1997, "Modello templare ostiense in marmo lunense dal collegio degli Augustali", RivIstArch 19-20, 148-151.
Pensabene P. 2002, "Committenza edilizia a Ostia tra la fine del I e i primi decenni del III secolo: lo studio dei marmi e della decorazione architettonica come strumento d'indagine", MEFRA 114, 181-324.
Rainer J.M. 2002, "Aspekte des roemischen Baurechts und Ostia", Ostia e Portus nelle loro relazioni con Roma (C. Bruun - A.G. Zevi edd.). ActaInstRomFin 27, 33-40, Roma.
Rakob F. 1987, "Ambivalente Apsiden - zur Zeichensprache der roemischen Architektur", RM 94, 1-28.
Scagliarini Corlaita D. 2007, "Von Pompeji nach Ostia: Die Geburt der Hausfassade", Leben im roemischen Europa. Von Pompeji nach Bliesheim-Reinheim (J.-P. Petit - S. Santoro edd.), 95-97, Paris.
Setala P. 1977, "Private Domini in Roman Brick Stamps of the Empire. A Historical and Prosopographical Study of Landowners in the District of Rome", AnnAcFenn, Dissertationes humanarum litterarum 10, Helsinki.
Stoeger H. 2002, Monumental Entrances of Roman Ostia.
Comment: Tesi di Laurea Univ. of Leiden.
Stoeger H. 2007, "Monumental Entrances of Roman Ostia. Architecture with Public Associations and Spatial Meaning", BABesch 82, 347-363.
Stoeger H. 2008, "Roman Ostia: Space Syntax and the Domestication of Space", Layers of Perception, 322-327, Bonn.
Stoeger H. 2009, "Clubs and Lounges at Roman Ostia. The Spatial Organisation of a Boomtown Phenomenon (Space Syntax Applied to the Study of Second Century AD 'Guild Buildings' at a Roman Town Port)", Proceedings of the 7th International Space Syntax Symposium, Stockholm.
Stoeger H. 2011, Rethinking Ostia: A Spatial Enquiry into the Urban Society of Rome's Imperial Port-Town, Leiden.
Reviews: M.J. Cuyler, Bryn Mawr Classical Review 10 (2012), 39; A. Kaiser, JRA 27 (2014), 575-577.
Stoeger H. - Brandimarte E. 2015, "Due antichi quartieri romani sotto la lente di ingrandimento: un'analisi space syntax dei quartieri delle citta antiche e della loro vita sociale", Arqueologia de la Arquitectura 12, 1-15.
Storey G.R. 2001, "Regionaries-type insulae 1: architectural / residential units at Ostia", AJA 105, 389-401.
Tuck S.L. 2008, "The Expansion of Triumphal Imagery beyond Rome: Imperial Monuments at the Harbors of Ostia and Lepcis Magna", The Maritime World of Ancient Rome (R.L. Hohlfelder ed.); Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome. Supplementary Volume 6, 325-340, Ann Arbor.
Ulrich, R.B. 1996, "Contignatio, Vitruvius, and the Campanian Builder", AJA 100,1, 137-151.
Comment: About the use of wood in floors of multistoried buildings. Examination of the traces of mezzanine floors from tabernae at Pompeii, Herculaneum and Ostia.
Van Der Meer L.B. 2002, "Travertine Cornerstones in Ostia Antica: Odd Blocks", AJA 106, 575-580.
Comment: Abstract. A 1999 survey of some 3,000 travertine building elements and other objects in Ostia demonstrated that this material was used for a variety of purposes, including as cornerstones. Two functions for cornerstones are proposed here. While the cornerstones in Ostian buildings have often been regarded as buffer stones, there are strong indications that they were boundary stones used for the layout of insulae. Cornerstones in small streets, constricted parts of streets, projecting buildings, and entrances of buildings were used as warning signals for passing traffic.
Van Der Meer L.B. - Stevens N.L.C. 2000, "Tiburtinus lapis. The use of travertine in Ostia", BABesch 75, 169-195.
Veitch J. 2017, "Soundscape of the street: Architectural acoustics in Ostia", Senses of the Empire. Multisensory approaches to Roman culture (E. Betts ed.), 54-70, Oxon - New York.