Building techniques and dating

Bauers N. 2011, "Geschossdeckenkonstruktionen in Ostia", Holztragwerke der Antike. Internationale Konferenz in Muenchen, 217-223, Istanbul.
Bianchi E. et al. 1998, Ostia: materiali e techniche edilizie, Roma.
Blake M.E. 1947, Ancient Roman Construction in Italy from the Prehistoric Period to Augustus, Washington.
Blake M.E. 1959, Roman Construction in Italy from Tiberius through the Flavians, Washington.
Blake M.E. 1962, "Ancient Roman Construction in Italy", American Philosophical Society Year Book 1961, 465-469.
Blake M.E. 1973, Roman Construction in Italy from Nerva through the Antonines, Philadelphia.
Bloch H. 1938, I bolli laterizi e la storia edilizia, Roma.
Bloch H. 1947, "The Roman Brick Stamps not published in Vol. XV of the CIL", HSCP 56-57, 1-128.
Comment: New brick stamps from Ostia.
Bloch H. 1959, "The Serapeum of Ostia and the Brick-Stamps of 123 A.D. A New Landmark in the History of Roman Architecture", AJA 63, 225-240.
Bloch H. 1959, "Un nuovo caposaldo della storia della architettura romana: il Serapeo di Ostia ed i bolli laterizi dell'anno 123", Atti del III Congresso Int. di Epigrafia Greca e Romana, 173-174, Roma.
Boersma J.S. - Th.L. Heres - H.A.G. Brijder - J.J. Feye - M. Gnade - S.L. Wynia 1985, Amoenissima Civitas. Block V,ii at Ostia: Description and Analysis of Its Visible Remains, Assen.
Reviews: J.Th. Bakker, BABesch 62 (1987), 174-175; C. Pavolini, JRA 3 (1990), 332-336; E.M. Steinby, Gnomon 62 (1990), 353-359; J. Packer, AJA 1986, 371-372; M. Todd, AntJ 66 (1986), 434- 435.
Booms D. 2007, "Scaffolding signatures: putlog holes and the identification of individual builders in two Ostian baths", JRA 20, 273-282.
Bruto M.L. - Vannicola C. 1990, "Ricostruzione e tipologia delle crustae parietali in eta imperiale", ArchCl 42, 325-376.
David M. - Gonzalez Muro X. 2011, "'Opus doliare' e nuovi bolli laterizi dall'insula IV, IX di Ostia", Actes du congres de la Societe francaise d'etude de la ceramique antique en Gaule, 389-396, Marseille.
Comment: Ostia Marina Project.
DeLaine J. 2001, "Bricks and mortar: exploring the economics of building techniques at Rome and Ostia", Economics beyond agriculture in the classical world (D.J. Mattingly - J. Salmon edd.), 250-268, London - New York.
DeLaine J. 2001, "Techniques et industrie de la construction a Ostie", Descoeudres J.-P. 2001, 91-99.
DeLaine J. 2002, "Building activity in Ostia in the second century AD", Ostia e Portus nelle loro relazioni con Roma (C. Bruun - A.G. Zevi edd.). ActaInstRomFin 27, 41-102, Roma.
Comment: By David Noy: DeLaine shows how a very close analysis of building techniques and brickstamps can yield unexpectedly detailed information about the dating of buildings and about how Ostian builders worked. She takes this approach further than she has done elsewhere, for example in her contribution to 'Roman Ostia' Revisited (London, 1996). In Insula 1.ix, three buildings dated to c.114-118 prove to have been designed separately from each other and built by different contractors and workmen, even though they all used the same bricks; she takes this as clear evidence of rapid but piecemeal development. One building in this insula, the Caseggiato del Larario, has distinctive L-shaped door jambs which seem to be the 'signature motif' of one contractor and can be found in buildings elsewhere in Ostia. Some of these buildings use different materials, suggesting that it was the patron not the contractor who was responsible for providing or at least sourcing these. She calculates that each of the buildings could have been built by a contractor with eight to ten men and about the same number of day labourers in a period of between two and five years, and she is thus able to reconstruct the unknown contractor's activities over several decades. The range of brickstamps found in some public buildings such as the Forum Baths suggests that the sources of bricks were closely related to the patron's personal contacts; her assumption seems to be that obtaining sufficient bricks for a project was potentially problematic. A comparison between brickstamps from the Caseggiato del Serapide and Case a Giardino in Region III suggests that the former had a patron from outside Ostia while the materials for the latter were acquired by the contractor himself (not a patron), perhaps for a speculative development. Close examination of the Piccolo Mercato shows significant variations in techniques and materials, indicating that at least two teams of builders were at work although it was a single project; this could have been planned, or the result of bringing in an extra team, perhaps because the first one was sacked or defaulted. There is much more in the article than can be summarized here. Although the evidence used is very specialized, the conclusions are potentially wide-ranging for the understanding of business and employment in early second-century Ostia. Appendixes give full details of brickstamps from the buildings discussed, and investigate the chronology of the 'Capitolium' group of buildings previously dated to c.120. Some text seems to have disappeared on p.97.
DeLaine J. 2003, "The builders of Roman Ostia: organization, status and society", Proceedings 1st Int. Congr. on Construction History II, 723-732, Madrid.
Garofalo Zappa G. 1971, "Nuovi bolli laterizi di Ostia", Miscellanea greca e romana 3, 257-289.
Gonzalez Muro X. 2013, "Bolli anepigrafi inediti provenienti dall'insula IV,ix di Ostia", Actes du congres de la Societe francaise d'etude de la ceramique antique en Gaule (SFECAG) (Amiens 2013), 555-571, Marseille.
Comment: Ostia Marina Project.
Helen T. 1975, "Organization of Roman Brick Productions in the First and Second Centuries A.D.: an interpretation of Roman brick stamps", AnnAcFenn, Dissertationes humanarum litterarum 5, Helsinki.
Heres Th.L. 1982, Paries. A Proposal for a Dating System of Late-Antique Masonry Structures in Rome and Ostia (A.D. 235-600), Amsterdam.
Reviews: E.M. Steinby, Gnomon 62 (1990), 353-359.
Hetland L.M. 2007, "Dating the Pantheon", JRA 20, 95-112.
Comment: About the dating of Trajanic and Hadrianic brick-stamps.
Hetland L.M. 2009, "Zur Datierung des Pantheon", The Pantheon in Rome, 107-116, Bern.
Comment: About the dating of Trajanic and Hadrianic brick-stamps.
Lena G. 2011, "Le qualita di tufo impiegate nell'edilizia ostiense. Aspetti geoarcheologici", Lavori e studi promosi dal DISMA (2008 - 2010), 17-32, Viterbo.
Lugli G. 1957, La tecnica edilizia romana, Roma.
Morricone A. et al. 2013, "Archeometrical analysis for the characterization of mortars from Ostia Antica", Procedia Chemistry 8, 231-238.
Comment: Ostia Marina Project.
Pannega R. 2005, L'impiego dell'opus quasi reticulatum e dell'opus reticulatum negli edifici ostiensi.
Comment: Tesi di Laurea, Universita della Tuscia, Archeologia e Storia dell'Arte Grecae Romana, a.a. 2004-2005.
Scrinari V. 1963, "Il Porto di Claudio ed osservazioni sulla tecnica del conglomerato cementizio presso i Romani", L'industria italiana del cemento 33, 527-538.
Setala P. 1977, "Private Domini in Roman Brick Stamps of the Empire. A Historical and Prosopographical Study of Landowners in the District of Rome", AnnAcFenn, Dissertationes humanarum litterarum 10, Helsinki.
Steinby M. 1974, "I bolli laterizi e i criteri nella datazione delle cortine laterizie romane", Miscellanea Arqueologica 2.
Steinby M. - Helen T. - Solin H. 1977-1978, "Lateres signati ostienses", ActaInstRomFin 7, 7-391.
Reviews: P. Herz, Gnomon 53 (1981), 295-297.
Taglietti F. 1994, "Un inedito bollo laterizio ostiense ed il commercio dell'olio betico", Epigrafia della produzione e della distribuzione. Actes de la VIIe Rencontre franco-italienne sur l'epigraphie, 157-193, Paris-Roma.
Van Dalen J.H. 1991, "The late use of opus reticulatum in Ostia", Meded 50, 236-280.
Van Der Meer L.B. 2002, "Travertine Cornerstones in Ostia Antica: Odd Blocks", AJA 106, 575-580.
Comment: Abstract. A 1999 survey of some 3,000 travertine building elements and other objects in Ostia demonstrated that this material was used for a variety of purposes, including as cornerstones. Two functions for cornerstones are proposed here. While the cornerstones in Ostian buildings have often been regarded as buffer stones, there are strong indications that they were boundary stones used for the layout of insulae. Cornerstones in small streets, constricted parts of streets, projecting buildings, and entrances of buildings were used as warning signals for passing traffic.
Van Der Meer L.B. - Stevens N.L.C. 2000, "Tiburtinus lapis. The use of travertine in Ostia", BABesch 75, 169-195.