Buildings - synagogue

Brandt O.W. 2001, "The Quarter Surrounding the Synagogue at Ostia", Olsson B. et al., 19-28, Stockholm.
Brandt O.W. 2004, "Jews and Christians in late antique Rome and Ostia. Some aspects of archaeological and documentary evidence", OpRom 29, 7-27.
Brandt O.W. 2008, "I muri trasversali di Santa Croce in Gerusalemme e la sinagoga di Ostia", OpAthRom 1, 155-166.
Fine S. (editor) 1996, Sacred Realm: The Emergence of the Synagogue in the Ancient World, New York.
Fine S. - Della Pergola M. 1994, "The Ostia Synagogue and Its Torah Shrine", The Jews of Ancient Rome (J. Goodnick Wesenholz ed.), 42-57, Jerusalem.
Floriani Squarciapino M. 1961, "La sinagoga di Ostia", BdA, 326 ff.
Floriani Squarciapino M. 1961, "Scoperta di una Sinagoga", FA 16, Nr. 7262.
Floriani Squarciapino M. 1961-1962, "La sinagoga recentemente scoperta ad Ostia", RendPontAccArch 34, 119 ff.
Floriani Squarciapino M. 1962, "Die Synagoge von Ostia Antica", Raggi. Zeitschrift fuer Kunstgeschichte und Archaeologie 4, 1-8.
Floriani Squarciapino M. 1962, "La sinagoga di Ostia: seconda campagna di scavo", Atti del VI Congresso intern. di arch. crist., 229 ff.
Floriani Squarciapino M. 1963, "Die Synagoge von Ostia Antica nach der zweiten Ausgrabungskampagne", Raggi. Zeitschrift fuer Kunstgeschichte und Archaeologie 5, 13-17.
Floriani Squarciapino M. 1963, "Ebrei a Roma e ad Ostia", StRom 11, 129 ff.
Floriani Squarciapino M. 1963, "The most ancient synagogue known from monumental remains. The newly discovered Ostia Synagogue in its first and fourth century a.d. phases", ILN 243, 468-471.
Floriani Squarciapino M. 1964, La sinagoga di Ostia, Roma.
Floriani Squarciapino M. 1970, "Plotius Fortunatus archisynagogus", Scritti in memoria di Attilio Milano 7-9, 183-191.
Comment: = Rassegna mensile di 'Israel'.
Floriani Squarciapino M. 1983, "La synagogue d'Ostie", Archeologie et Histoire 71, 80-81.
Floriani Squarciapino M. 2001, "La synagogue d'Ostie", Descoeudres J.-P. 2001, 272-277.
Ghilardi M. 2003, "La sinagoga do Ostia Antica e gli ebrei di Roma: riflessioni in margine ad un recente libro", Mediterraneo Antico. Economie. Societa. Culture, 311-324, Pisa.
Harland P.A. 2003, Associations, Synagogues, and Congregations: Claiming a Place in Ancient Mediterranean Society.
Comment: Comparison between the Synagogue and seats of guilds.
Hempel H.L. 1962, "Synagogenfunde in Ostia Antica", ZATW 74 or 33, 72-73.
Hoffmann P. 1962, "Torna in luce la sinagoga di Ostia", Capitolium 37, 422.
Kraabel A.T. 1979, "The Diaspora Synagogue: Archaeological and Epigraphic Evidence since Sukenik", ANRW 2,19,1, 477-510.
Kraabel A.T. 1982, "The excavated synagogues of Late Antiquity from Asia Minor to Italy", 16. Intern. Byzantinistenkongress, Wien 1981, 227-235.
Lahr P. 2000, "Ostia antica - die aelteste Synagoge Italiens", Zeitschrift der Hochschule fuer juedische Studien Heidelberg 10, 131-158.
Lazzarini M.L. 1992, "Iscrizioni da Ostia e Porto", La cultura ebraica nell'editoria italiana (1955-1990), 185-187, Roma.
Mitternacht D. 2003, "Current Views on the Synagogue of Ostia Antica and the Jews of Rome and Ostia", The Ancient Synagogue. From its Origins until 200 C.E. (B. Olsson - M. Zetterholm eds.), 521-571, Stockholm.
Nongbri B. 2015, "Archival Research on the Excavation of the Synagogue at Ostia: A Preliminary Report", Journal for the Study of Judaism 46, 366-402.
Olsson B. - Mitternacht D. - Brandt O. (edd.) 2001, "The Synagogue of Ostia and the Jews of Rome. Interdisciplinary Studies", SkrRom 57, Stockholm.
Reviews: E. Meyer, BASOR 328 (2002); A.L. Porter, AJA 109 (2005), 810-813.
Comment: ISBN 91-7042-165-X. Price: SEK 450:- (paper) + postage. Order from: PAUL ASTROMS FORLAG, William Gibsons vag 11, SE-433 76 Jonsered, Sweden. E-mail:, fax +46-31- 7956710, website Abstract In March of 1997 a research project on the ancient synagogue began at Lund University, Sweden, continuing a tradition of research that has its roots in the 1930s. The project's title "The Ancient Synagogue: Birthplace of Two World Religions" suggests that Judaism and Christianity existed for a time in close proximity to each other and were shaped by the same particular milieu within the ancient world, namely, the synagogue. The synagogue in ancient Ostia was chosen as an initial case study, since there is evidence that it was built during the first century CE and consequently is one of the earlier synagogues in the Roman world to have been excavated. Olof Brandt presents for the first time a more extensive description of the area outside the city walls where the synagogue was built. Anders Runesson surveys all the material that has been published about Ostia in order to make a new reconstruction of the synagogue's history in Ostia. Magnus Zetterholm attempts, primarily with the aid of interpretative theories and general considerations, to sketch the relations in Ostia between Jews and Christians. His study poses important questions about how to use sociological models in order to better understand the ancient synagogue. In a second contribution Anders Runesson discusses ritual washings in Ostia and in other synagogues in the diaspora. Karin Hedner -Zetterholm presents a more general picture of Jewish congregations in Rome, and Sten Hidal analyzes what Roman authors of this period had to say about Jews, all in order to attain a better understanding of the life and activity in this particular synagogue. The language environment at Ostia is elucidated in two studies, one by Georg Walser, dealing with the Jewish use of Greek in ancient Rome, the other by Per A. Bengtsson who gives a detailed presentation of the surprisingly few Semitic inscriptions from Rome. Irene von Goertz-Wrisberg discusses what can be known about the synagogue worship service during this period in history and based on that knowledge reconstructs a Sabbath service in Ostia. All the articles in the present volume set forth new understandings about the synagogue in Ostia and offer insights into the many methodological difficulties that lie in wait for every scholar who researches the ancient synagogue.
Richardson P. 2003, "An Architectural Case for Synagogues as Associations", The Ancient Synagogue. From its Origins until 200 C.E. (B. Olsson - M. Zetterholm eds.), 90-117, Stockholm.
Comment: Comparison between the Synagogue and the Caseggiato dei Triclinii.
Runesson A. 1999, "The Oldest Original Synagogue Building in the Diaspora. A response to L. Michael White (An historical reconstruction of the social situations of the Jews at Ostia)", HThR 92,4, 409-433.
Runesson A. 2001, "The Synagogue at Ancient Ostia. The Building and its History from the First to the Fifth Century", Olsson B. et al., 29-99, Stockholm.
Runesson A. 2001, "Water and Worship. Ostia and the Ritual Bath in the Diaspora Synagogue", Olsson B. et al., 115-129, Stockholm.
Runesson A. 2002, "A monumental synagogue from the first century: The case of Ostia", JSS 33,2, 171-220.
Comment: Abstract. The synagogue at Ostia is one of the most important ancient synagogues. However, no final report from the excavations yet exists, which has left the field open for some debate as to the origin and nature of the building. Apart from discussing matters of terminology and definitions, the present study provides a detailed analysis of the building's architectural development, relating it to other structures at Ostia. It is maintained that the original edifice was public and monumental, containing a triclinium for common meals, and dated to the late Julio-Claudian period. The results of the analysis have implications for how we understand Jewish identity as expressed in architectural form, as well as the relation between Jews and non-Jews in the Diaspora.
Solin H. 2002, "Noterelle sugli Ebrei di Ostia Antica", Humana Sapit. Etudes d'Antiquite Tardive offertes a Lellia Cracco Ruggini (Jean-Michael Carrie et Rita Lizzi Testa ed.), 63-66.
Vitale M. 2003, "Le catacombe di Villa Torlonia e di Vigna Randanini a Roma, la sinagoga di Ostia", I beni culturali ebraici in Italia, 47-54, Ravenna.
Von Goertz-Wrisberg I. 2001, "A Sabbath Service in Ostia: What do we know about the ancient synagogal service?", Olsson B. et al., 167-202, Stockholm.
White L.M. 1997, "Synagogue and Society in Imperial Ostia: Archeological and Epigraphic Evidence", HThR 90,1, 23-58.
Comment: Subtitle: Understanding the development of the 1st century Christian movement through an analysis of the evidence for the social location and organization of Roman Jewry: Archaeological and Epigraphic Evidence.
White L.M. 1998, "Synagogue and Society in Imperial Ostia: Archaeological and Epigraphic Evidence", Judaism and Christianity in First-Century Rome (K.P. Donfried - P. Richardson eds.), 30-68, Grand Rapids.
White L.M. 1999, "Reading the Ostia Synagogue: A reply to A. Runesson (Regarding the nature and history of the Jewish diaspora community)", HThR 92,4, 435-464.
Williams D. 2014, "Digging in the Archives: A Late Roman Coin Assemblage from the Synagogue at Ancient Ostia (Italy)", AJN 26, 245-273.
Zetterholm M. 2001, "A Struggle Among Brothers. An Interpretation of the Relations between Jews and Christians in Ostia", Olsson B. et al., 101-113, Stockholm.
Zevi F. 1972, "La Sinagoga di Ostia", Rassegna mensile di Israel Marzo, 3 ff.
Zevi F. 2014, "I Fabii ostiensi e gli Ebrei di Ostia", MEFRA 126.
Zovatto P.L. 1960-1961, "Le antiche sinagoghe di Aquileia e di Ostia", Memorie Storiche Foroguiliesi 44, 53-64.