History - early Ostia

Adembri B. 1996, "Le ceramiche figurate piu antiche di Ostia", Gallina Zevi 1996, 39-67.
Ampolo C. 1992, "Enea ed Ulisse nel Lazio da Ellanico (FGrHist 4 F 84) a Festo (432 L)", PP 47, 321-342.
Andren A. 1940, "Architectural Terracottas from Etrusco-Italic Temples", Acta Instit. Romani Regni Sueciae 6, 369 ff.
Andren A. 1980, "Un gruppo di antefisse fittili etrusco-laziale e la questione di un abitato ostiense anteriore alla colonia romana", StEtr 48, 93-99.
Arena Taddei M.S. 1977, "Ostia repubblicana", Itinerari ostiensi 1.
Arena Taddei M.S. 1984, Ostia repubblicana. Breve cenno di guida alla visita dei monumenti.
Bellotti P. et al. 2011, "The Tiber river delta plain (central Italy): Coastal evolution and implications for the ancient Ostia Roman settlement", The Holocene 21(7), 1105-1116.
Bispham E.H. 2000, "Mimic? A case study in early Roman colonisation", The Emergence of State Identities in Italy in the First Millennium BC (E. Herring - K. Lomas edd.), 157-186, London.
Brandt J. Rasmus 1985, "Ostia, Minturno, Pyrgi. The Planning of three Roman Colonies", ActaAArtHist 5, 25-87.
Brandt J. Rasmus 2002, "Ostia and Ficana - two tales of one city?", MeditArch 15, 23-39.
Camous T. 2004, Le roi et le fleuve. Ancus Marcius rex aux origines de la puissance romaine, Paris.
Carcopino J. 1919, Virgile et les origines d'Ostie, Paris.
Comment: C. Saunders, CW 1926, 28.
Cicerchia P. 1983, "Ostia: considerazioni ed ipotesi sul primo impianto urbano", Xenia 6, 45-62.
Coarelli F. 1988, "I santuari, il fiume, gli empori", Storia di Roma 1, 127-151, Torino.
Coarelli F. 1988, Il Foro Boario. Dalle origini alla fine della Repubblica, Roma.
Colonna G. 1981, "Quali Etruschi a Roma. La barchetta nuragica di Porto ritrovata", Etruschi e Roma, incontro di studio in onore di Massimo Pallottino, Roma 11-13 dicembre 1979, 171-172.
Constans L. 1926, "Ostie primitive", JSav, 436 ff.
Depalmas A. 2005, Le navicelle di bronzo della Sardegna nuragica, Cagliari.
Comment: Portus pp. 29, 65, 67, 297.
Elfassi J. 2012, "Ostie et ostium chez Isidore de Seville: Festus, Ps.-Aurelius Victor, Servius auctus et quelques autres", Eruditio Antiqua 4, 357-370.
Frank T. 1924, "Aeneas' City at the mouth of the Tiber", AJP 45, 64-68.
Giraudi C. - Tata C. - Paroli L. 2007, "Carotaggi e studi geologici a Portus: il delta del Tevere dai tempi di Ostia Tiberina alla costruzione dei porti di Claudio e Traiano", The Journal of Fasti Online folder 80.
Comment: The branch of the Tiber that passes Ostia was formed in the sixth or fifth century BC. Before that time there were two branches that reached the sea, both in the area of the later harbours of Claudius and Trajan. The oldest Ostia, 'of Ancus Marcius', should therefore be looked for near what later became Portus.
Grandazzi A. 1997, The Foundation of Rome: Myth and History, London.
Comment: In chapter 6 is a lengthy discussion of early Ostia and Portus.
Kardos M.J. 1998, "Ciceron et Ostie: quelques reperes pour la recherche sur Ostie republicaine", BAGB. Bulletin de l'Association G. Bude 3, 235-249.
Lugli G. 1947, "Le fortificazioni delle antiche citta italiche", RendLinc 2, 294-307.
Comment: Walls of the castrum at Ostia.
Martin A. 1996, "Un saggio sulle mura del castrum di Ostia (Reg. I, ins. x, 3)", Gallina Zevi 1996, 19-38.
Martin A. 1999, "The Rises in Level at Ostia, Regio I, insula x 3", Meded 58, 74-76.
Martin A. 2012, "A forgotten dig near Ostia", MAAR 56-57, 391-394.
Mason G.G. 1992, "The Agrarian Role of the Coloniae Maritimae : 338-241 B.C.", Historia 41, 75-87.
McKay A.G. 1967, "Aeneas' Landfalls in Hesperia", GaR 14, 3-10.
Comment: Comparison of the topography between Velia and Ostia in comparison to Vergil.
Mingazzini P. 1947-1949, "Esisteva un abitato ostiense anteriore alla colonia romana?", RendPontAccArch 23-24, 75 ff.
Momigliano A. 1938, Thybris Pater.
Comment: Reprint in Momigliano A., 'Roma Arcaica', Firenze 1989, 347-370.
Olcese G. et al. 2017, Ceramiche da contesti repubblicani del territorio di Ostia, Roma.
Pellegrino A. 2004, "Il territorio ostiense nella tarda eta repubblicana", Gallina-Zevi - Humphrey 2004, 32-46.
Pohl I. 1983, "Was Early Ostia a Colony or a Fort?", PP 38, 123-130.
Quilici L. 1976, "Ambiente storico e preesistenze archeologiche nella regione di foce del Tevere e lungo il basso corso a valle di Roma", Roma ovest lungo il Tevere, 175-178.
Rebuffat R. 1974, "Tite-Live et la forteresse d'Ostia", Melanges P. Boyance, 631-652, Roma.
Salmon E.T. 1963, "The coloniae maritimae", Athenaeum 41, 3-38.
Sole L. 2002, "Monumenti repubblicani di Ostia Antica", ArchCl 53, 137-181.
Tilly B. 1947, Vergil's Latium, Oxford.
Comment: One chapter about Ostia as Troia Nova.
Tilly B. 1956, "The Topography of Aeneid IX with Reference to the Way taken by Nysus and Euryalus", ArchCl 8, 164-172.
Tomassoni P. 2016, "Scavare negli Archivi. La domus tardo-repubblicana e giulio-claudia sotto al Caseggiato delle Taberne Finestrate di Ostia (IV, V, 18): nuove e vecchie scoperte", Fasti Online 2016-350, 1-12.
Vaglieri D. 1912, "Monumenti repubblicani di Ostia", BullCom 40, 225-245.
Von Hesberg H. 1985, "Zur Plangestaltung der Coloniae Maritimae", RM 92, 127-150.
Waarsenburg D.J. 1998, "De oudste sporen van Ostia. Van de Bronstijd tot de stichting van het castrum", Hermeneus 70,2, 60-69.
Comment: In Dutch. The author suggests that the Castrum was built between 292/291 and 278 BC, and that this was recorded in book XI of Livy, which has not been preserved.
Zevi F. 1974, "Monumenti e aspetti culturali di Ostia repubblicana", Hellenismus in mittelitalien. Kolloquium in Goettingen, 52-63.
Zevi F. 1996, "Sulle fasi piu antiche di Ostia", Gallina Zevi 1996, 69-89.
Zevi F. 2000, "Roma arcaica e Ostia. Una riconsiderazione del problema", Damarato. Studi di antichita classica offerti a P. Pelagatti (I. Berlingo ed.), 233-243, Milano.
Zevi F. 2001, "Les debuts d'Ostie", Descoeudres J.-P. 2001, 3-9.
Zevi F. 2001, "Ostie sous la Republique", Descoeudres J.-P. 2001, 10-19.
Zevi F. 2002, "Appunti per una storia di Ostia repubblicana", MEFRA 114, 13-58.
Zevi F. 2002, "Origini di Ostia", Ostia e Portus nelle loro relazioni con Roma (C. Bruun - A.G. Zevi edd.). ActaInstRomFin 27, 11-32, Roma.
Comment: By David Noy: Zevi goes back to the supposed foundation by Ancus Marcius and hopes (perhaps rather optimistically) that new discoveries will resolve the differences between literary and archaeological evidence. There are differences within the literature too: Livy thinks Ostia developed through salt-panning rather than as a port, as Ennius states. The moving coastline must have had a large effect on the location of ancient as well as modern habitation, but Romans in the Augustan period were unaware of this and wrongly imagined continuity from the legendary foundation stories to their own day. The mouth of the Tiber was already under Roman control when Greeks were settling in the Western Mediterranean. The archaic cult of Vulcan at Ostia probably belonged to the "pre-Hellenic" period, and the Dioscuri cult seems to be a local one going back to the establishment of the 'castrum' in the 4th or 3rd century BC.