Researchers - 19th century

Crea S. 2003, "Rodolfo Lanciani a Castelporziano. A proposito di alcuni documenti epigrafici inediti o poco noti", MEFRA 115,2, 593-614.
Marini Recchia F. 1998, "La grande escavazione ostiense di Papa Pio VII", RivIstArch 53, 61-110.
Marini Recchia F. - Pacchiani D. - Panico F. 2002, "Scavi di Ostia nell'Ottocento. Dalle escavazioni pontificie alle indagini di Rodolfo Lanciani", Ostia e Portus nelle loro relazioni con Roma (C. Bruun - A.G. Zevi edd.). ActaInstRomFin 27, 247-270, Roma.
Comment: By David Noy: Marini Recchia, Pacchiani and Panico study through documentary sources the nineteenth-century excavation of Ostia. The original plans of Abbot Fea for systematic investigation and local display of the finds were replaced by treasure-hunting and licensed private activity. Marini Recchia is able to identify from the records some unprovenanced sculptures in the Vatican as Ostian. Cardinal Pacca was responsible both for legislation in 1820 for the protection of 'Belle Arti' and, ultimately, for the dispersal of many of the most important finds from Ostia, which he had taken into his own collection, only some of which can now be traced. The labour for the Vatican excavations of P.E and C.L. Visconti in 1855-70 was done by prisoners working in the non-malarial season between December and June; after 1870 the excavations of the new state Soprintendenza were partly a job- creation scheme for the unemployed who were flocking into Rome. Proper documentation (although not as full as could be desired), and the study of Ostia as a whole, only began with the work of Lanciani in 1877-1889.
Marini Recchia F. et al. 2001, "Les fouilles pontificales du XIXe siecle jusqu'a Rodolfo Lanciani", Descoeudres J.-P. 2001, 48-55.
Pacchiani D. 1997, "Una pagina di storia ostiense: le 'escavazioni' di Pietro Ercole Visconti (1855-1870). I materiali ostiensi dei Musei Vaticani", Tesi di Laurea in Archeologia e Storia dell'Arte, Univ. degli Studi di Roma 'La Sapienza', Roma.
Pacchiani D. 1999, "Un archeologo al servizio di Pio IX: Pietro Ercole Visconti (1802-1880)", BMonMusPont 19, 113-127.
Panico F. 1998, "Una foto del fondo Lanciani e due busti ostiensi del Museo Nazionale Romano", RivIstArch 53, 52-59.
Recchia F.M. - Pacchiani D. 1999, "Scavi ad Ostia nell'Ottocento", Meded 58, 9-10.