Water supply and sanitation

Barbieri G. 1953, "Fistole acquarie inedite o completate", NSc, 151-189.
Bedello Tata M. - Bukowiecki E. 2006, "Le acque e gli acquedotti nel territorio Ostiense e Portuense. Ritrovamenti e ricerche recenti", MEFRA 118, 463-526.
Bedello Tata M. - Falzone S. - Focagnolo S. 1995, "Rinvenimento di un sistema di acquedotti in localita Malafede-Infermeria (Acilia); Appendice di A. Arnoldus-Huyzendveld: Aspetti geologici e geopedologici", Archeologia Laziale 12,2, 429-438.
Bernard J.F. - Bukowiecki E. - Dessales H. 2004, "Ostie. Le castellum aquae de la Porta Romana. 1re campagne", MEFRA 116, 606-618.
Boersma J.S. 1996, "Private Latrines in Ostia: a Case Study", BABesch 71, 151-160.
Bruun Ch. 1991, The Water Supply of Ancient Rome. A Study of Roman Imperial Administration, Helsinki.
Comment: Ostia and Portus: pp. 285-303 ('Ostia and Portus, the fistulae and the administration'), pp. 324-328 ('Plumbarii from Ostia and Portus'), and passim.
Bruun Ch. 1998, "Ti. Claudius Aegialus e l'acquedotto di Ostia (con altre osservazioni sulle fistule acquarie ostiensi)", ZPE, 265-272.
Bukowiecki E. - Dessales H. - Dubouloz J. 2004, "Ostia antica. Note pour la datation du 'Castellum aquae' de la Porta romana", MEFRA 116, 469-480.
Bukowiecki E. - Dessales H. - Dubouloz J. 2005, "Ostia antica. Le castellum aquae de la Porta Romana (2o campagne)", MEFRA 117, 305-317.
Bukowiecki E. - Dessales H. - Dubouloz J. 2006, "Ostia antica. Le castellum aquae de la Porta Romana (3o campagne)", MEFRA 118, 331-337.
Bukowiecki E. - Dessales H. - Dubouloz J. 2008, Ostie, l'eau dans la ville. Chateaux d'eau et reseau d'adduction, Rome.
Carlut J. - Chazot G. - Dessales H. - Letellier E. 2009, "Trace element variations in an archeological carbonate deposit from the antique city of Ostia: Environmental and archeological implications", C. R. Geoscience 341, 10-20.
Cebeillac-Gervasoni M. 2000, "Un nouveau prefet de l'annone d'epoque neronienne connu grace a une inscription inedite d'Ostie: C. Poppaeus Sabinianus", Miscellanea epigrafica in onere di Lidio Gasperini (G. Paci ed.), 231-236, Tivoli.
Clarke J.R. 2006, "High and Low: Mocking Philosophers in the Tavern of the Seven Sages, Ostia", The Art of Citizens, Soldiers and Freedmen in the Roman World (E. D'Ambra, G.P.R. Metraux eds.), BAR International Series 1526, 47-58, Oxford.
De Sena E.C. - Bukowiecki E. - Dessales H. - Dubouloz J. - Poccardi G. 2007, "The Ecole Francaise de Rome Castellum Aquae Project at Ostia (2003-2005): an interim report", Archaeologiae: Research by Foreign Missions in Italy 3.1.
Flohr M. 2011, "Location and context of toilets. Location and context of public latrines. Latrines and workshops", Roman toilets. Their archaeology and cultural history, 126-128, Leuven.
Floriani Squarciapino M. 1952, "Ornamento per fontana da Ostia", BdA 37, 29-32.
Gatti G. 1905, "Ostia - Tubi aquarii di piombo recentemente scoperti", NSc, 84 ff.
Geremia-Nucci R. 2001, "Les fistulae aquariae inscrites d'Ostie", Descoeudres J.-P. 2001, 108-113.
Geremia-Nucci R. 2006, "I plumbarii ostiensi. Una sintesi delle nuove evidenze", ArchCl 57, 447-467.
Jansen G. 1993, "Paintings in Roman Toilets", Functional and Spatial Analysis of Wall Painting. Proceedings of the Fifth Int. Congress of Ancient Wall Painting (E. Moormann ed.), 29-33, Leiden.
Jansen G. 1995, "Die Wasserversorgung und Kanalisation in Ostia Antica. Die ersten Ergebnisse", Schriftenreihe der Frontinus-Gesellschaft 19, 111-123.
Jansen G. 1998, "Waar is hier het toilet? Sanitaire voorzieningen van Ostia", Hermeneus 70,2, 116-123.
Comment: In Dutch.
Jansen G. 1999, "Ancient Hydraulic Engineering and the Raising of Ostia", Meded 58, 90-93.
Jansen G. 2000, "Systems for the Disposal of Waste and Excreta in Roman Cities. The Situation in Pompeii, Herculaneum and Ostia", Sordes Urbis. Monografias de la Escuela Espanola de la Historia y Arqueologia en Roma (X. Dupre ed.), 37-49, Roma.
Comment: Summary. In the best preserved sites of Italy - Pompeii, Herculaneum and Ostia - the technical provisions for waste removal appear to have differed in terms of construction as well as distribution. Pompeii had many cesspits and a scattered network of sewers. Rainwater and waste water were mainly disposed of along the streets. Herculaneum had far fewer cesspits but a rather more systematic network of sewers. In addition, rainwater and waste water were led out of the town there by way of the paved streets. Ostia had no cesspits at all, but a complete and uniform sewer system. The provisions of these three cities will be discussed and it will be shown that the geologial underground and the gradient of the building land constituted the main reasons for the differences.
Jansen G. 2002, Water in de Romeinse stad. Pompeji - Herculaneum - Ostia, Leuven.
Comment: In Dutch: 'Water in the Roman City'. Ostia: pp. 123-179.
Jansen G. 2006, "The unknown urban water system at Roman Ostia (Italy)", Cura aquarum in Ephesos, 175-182, Leuven.
Jansen G. - Koloski-Ostrow A.O. - Moormann E.M. 2011, "Roman Toilets. Their Archaeology and Cultural History", BABesch Supplementa 19, Leuven.
Jansen G. - Merletto A. - Van Vaerenbergh J. 2011, "Toilets in the urban and domestic water infrastructure", Roman toilets. Their archaeology and cultural history, 71-86, Leuven.
Koloski-Ostrow A.O. - Moormann E.M. 2011, "Cultural attitudes. Case study. The paintings of philosophers in the baths of the Seven Sages in Ostia", Roman toilets. Their archaeology and cultural history, 178-181, Leuven.
Kuroda T. 2012, "Formation of medieval urban tissue from the reutilization of the Roman aqueduct ruins in Borgo di Ostia", Report of the investigation of Ostia Antica 2008 - 2010. Japanese Research Group of Ostia Antica, 27-39, Tokio.
Lanciani R. 1880, Le acque e gli acquedotti, Roma.
Mols S.T.A.M. 1997, "Filosofen te kakken gezet? Geschilderde filosofenportretten in Ostia", Lampas 30, 360-371.
Comment: In Dutch.
Mols S.T.A.M. 1997, "I Sette Sapienti ad Ostia Antica", I temi figurativi nella pittura parietale antica, IV sec. a.C. - IV sec. d.C. Atti del VI convegno int. sulla pittura parietale antica, 89-96.
Montorsi F. 2005, "Dati sul sistema idrico di Ostia", Rivista di studi e ricerche sull'idraulica storica e la storia della tecnica 2, 228-246.
Neudecker R. 1994, Die Pracht der Latrine. Zum Wandel oeffentlicher Beduerfnisanstalten in der kaiserzeitlichen Stadt.
Comment: Ostia: 35-37; 103-110.
Neuerburg N. 1965, "L'architettura delle fontane e dei ninfei nell'Italia antica", MemNap 5, Napoli.
Comment: Ostia: 178 ff.
Nielsen I.- Schioler T. 1980, "The Water System in the Baths of Mithras in Ostia", AnalRom 9, 149-159.
Nucci R.G. 1999, "Da un riesame delle fistulae ostiensi: dati prosopografici e storia urbana", Meded 58, 36-37.
Oleson J.P. 1984, "Greek and Roman Mechanical Water-Lifting Devices: The History of a Technology", Phoenix Supplement 16, Toronto.
Pensabene P. 2000, "I rivestimenti marmorei del ninfeo degli Eroti ad Ostia", Atti del VI Colloquio dell'AISCOM, 341-350, Ravenna.
Picard G.-Ch. 1947, "Autour du Banquet des Sept Sages", RA 28, 74-75.
Comment: Comparison of the wall-paintings in the Terme dei Sette Sapienti with a mosaic at Apameia.
Piepers W. 1977, "Armaturen von roemischen Wasserleitungen im Rheinischen Landesmuseum Bonn", BJb 177, 611-616.
Schioler T. 1971, "An attempt to locate lead pipes in Ostia Antica", Prospezioni archeol. 6, 93-94.
Schioler T. 1973, Roman and Islamic Water-Lifting Wheels, Odense.
Schmoelder A. 1999, "Wasserreichtum und Wasserbaukunst in Ostia", Meded 58, 31-32.
Schmoelder A. 2001, "Le ravitaillement en eau", Descoeudres J.-P. 2001, 100-107.
Schmoelder A. 2001, "Oeffentliche Brunnen und Nymphaeen in Ostia", Cura Aquarum in Sicilia. BABesch Supplement 6, 255-263, Leuven.
Schmoelder A. 2010, "Nymphaeumsraeume. Neue Treffpunkte in der spaetantiken Stadt", Die antike Stadt im Umbruch. Kolloquium in Darmstadt, 111-119, Wiesbaden.
Scrinari V. - Ricciardi M.A. 1996, La Civilta dell'Acqua in Ostia Antica, Roma.
Comment: Fratelli Palombi editori; ISBN 88-7621-823-8. Vol I, ch. I: Pozzi Ostiensi; ch. II: Acquedotto e Castellum Ostiense; ch. III: Le Cisterne; ch. IV: Cisterne Termali; appendice: Cronologia delle Terme Ostiensi. Vol. II, ch. I: Le Fontane; ch. II: Ninfei; ch. III: Rete Idrica Ostiense; appendici: Le Fistulae Ostiensi; I Marmi dei Ninfei Ostiensi.
Stevens S. 2005, "Reconstructing the Garden Houses at Ostia. Exploring Water Supply and Building Height", BABesch 80, 113-123.
Van Aken A.A. 1951, "Some aspects of Nymphaea in Pompeii, Herculaneum and Ostia", Mnemosyne 4, 272 ff.
Van Dam S. - Versloot A. 1995, "Antiek gemak. Sanitaire voorzieningen in Ostia Antica", Spiegel historiael 30,1, 12-15.
Comment: 'Ancient convenience. Sanitary provisions in Ostia Antica'; on latrines; in Dutch.
Zomer A.C.M. 1985, De openbare nymphaea van Ostia, Gorinchem.
Comment: Master's thesis. In Dutch.