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Regio I - Insula XV - Tempio tetrastilo (I,XV,2)
(Tetrastyle temple)

The Tetrastyle Temple (so called because it has a four-columned portico or pronaos) is in the north-east part of the Sacred Area of the Republican Temples. It was built at the end of the second or in the early first century BC. In front of the temple is a tufa altar. The temple itself is on top of a podium of opus quasi reticulatum. The columns and capitals of the pronaos are of tufa, originally covered with stucco. The walls of the cella are of opus quasi reticulatum. In the centre of the floor of the cella is a rectangle of opus sectile, surrounded by black mosaic bands and white mosaic tesserae. Against the back wall stands the masonry base of the cult statue.

Parts of statues of Asclepius and Hygea, deities of health, were found in and near the temple. The statue of Hygea has a portrait of Lucilla, daughter of Marcus Aurelius and wife of Lucius Verus (adopted brother of Marcus Aurelius). The statues suggest that the temple was dedicated primarily to Asclepius.

Plan of the temple. Pensabene 2007, fig. 26. Reconstructed front view. Parco Archeologico di Ostia Antica.


The temple seen from the south-west. Photo: Jan Theo Bakker.

The interior of the cella. Photo: Klaus Heese.

The interior of the cella. Photo: Parco Archeologico di Ostia Antica.

The portrait of Lucilla. Photo: Wikimedia, Sailko.

The statue of Aesculapius. Photo: Wikimedia, Sailko.

[jthb - 27-Apr-2022]