The House of the Sun was built in the second half of the second century. The building was named after a graffito on red plaster with the words:
"Lord Sun lives here". It is probably a reference to Sol-Mithras and related to the Mitreo dei Serpenti (V,VI,6), directly to the east of the building.Click here to open a detailed plan of the block in a new window (Bianchi 1998, fig. 1; north is to the left).
The west half of the building is a row of shops along Via del Sole. Between the shops are two staircases. The four southernmost shops were destroyed by a fire. The entrances were afterwards blocked (opus vittatum), perhaps in the fourth century. There were also two shops at the north end, on the Decumanus.
In the east half are three apartments and two small courtyards (the second and fifth room from the south). In the west-east running walls between the apartments and courtyards are pairs of windows, some of which were later blocked. Paintings have been preserved on the east walls, probably added in the second half of the third century. Sometimes the colours of the panels indicate, that the rooms were also divided by wooden partition walls. In the southernmost courtyard a latrine was found.
A bar was set against the south facade of the building, at an unknown point in time. It has a wide entrance on the west side, leading to Via del Sole. There is a narrow door in the south wall. Another narrow door, in the north wall, leads to an understairs. In the north-east corner is the beginning of a staircase. Two or three basins were set against the west part of the north wall.
Plan of the building.
After SO I.