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Regio IV - Insula IV - Domus su Via del Tempio Rotondo (IV,IV,7)

This building is on the intersection of Via di Iside and Via del Tempio Rotondo, to the south-west of the Round Temple. It was built during the reign of Alexander Severus (222-235 AD; opus latericium). The function of the Severan building is not clear. Possibly in the first half of the fourth century it became a domus, an elite mansion (opus latericium and vittatum). During an earthquake part of the facade collapsed and fell on Via del Tempio Rotondo, where it can still be seen.

The rooms are arranged around a courtyard with porticus. In the south part of the courtyard a staircase with an apsidal back wall leads to a well. In the north part of the courtyard was a nymphaeum with two semicircular niches. In a room to the west is a large apse, a later addition. The floor of this room and of the porticus to the south of the courtyard was decorated with opus sectile. The floor of the porticus to the east has a geometric mosaic. To the south of the courtyard is a large room, perhaps a dining-room overlooking an (unexcavated) peristylium. The central part of the north wall of this room is a later addition and contains a wall-niche. At least one upper floor was used by the inhabitants.

Plan of the domus. After SO I.

Photographs and drawings

Plan of the domus. From Guidobaldi 1995.

The domus seen from the north-east. Photograph: Jan Theo Bakker.

The apse in the central west part of the building, seen from the east.
Photograph: Jan Theo Bakker.

The presumed dining-room with a niche in the back wall, seen from the south.
Photograph: Jan Theo Bakker.

Via del Tempio Rotondo, seen from the west. To the right is the facade of the domus,
to the left the collapsed facade. Photograph: Jan Theo Bakker.

Detail of a window in the collapsed facade.
Photograph: Jan Theo Bakker.

[jthb - 12-May-2006]