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Regio IV - Insula V - Terme delle Sei Colonne (IV,V,10-11)

Click here to open a detailed plan of the baths in a new window (Poccardi 2001, fig. 3).

To the south of the western Decumanus and to the east of the Schola del Traiano are the Baths of the Six Columns. Along the Decumanus are Trajanic shops (opus mixtum). A staircase led to apartments above the shops. This staircase could also be entered from the shop to the west of a corridor leading to the baths. This was a bar. The bar counter, which has disappeared, was in the north corner, next to the main entrance from the Decumanus. Originally a door in the bar led to the corridor. Later it was blocked, and in the blocking, in the bar, is a niche for statuettes of deities. In the south corner of the room was a latrine.

An entrance corridor between the shops led to the courtyard of the baths. In the baths several building phases from the first half of the second century AD have been recognized. There is some Severan masonry. At a later date windows and doors were blocked, when a new heating system was installed. A bronze vessel containing 35 silver coins was found, set against the foundations. Most of the coins are from the republican period, some from the first century AD (197 BC - 70 AD).

The courtyard with six columns that gave the building its name replaces the palaestra. To the south-east is the frigidarium, to the south-west are the heated rooms. In the north-west part of the building is a waterwheel (noria). Nearby is a large latrine.

Plan of the baths. After SO I.


The courtyard with the six columns seen through the entrance corridor
(from the north-west). Photograph: Jan Theo Bakker.

The latrine seen from the south-west. Photograph: Jan Theo Bakker.

The latrine seen from the east. Photograph: Laura Maish-Bill Storage.

The room for the waterwheel, seen from the north.
Photograph: Jan Theo Bakker.

The pool in the frigidarium, seen from the north-west. Photograph: Jan Theo Bakker.

[jthb - 19-May-2006]